Thursday, May 21, 2020
LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY Term Paper School of Business Department of Management Name of the Student: Azhar Shokin Regd. No.: - 11000968 Course Code: MGT511 Course Title: Business Environment Course Instructor: Vishwas Chakranarayan Course Tutor: Vishwas Chakranarayan Class: MBA Semester: 1st Section: S1001 Batch 2010-12 StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Signature Azhar Shokin Topic: - Impact of Fiscal Policy on Indian Economy Contents * Introduction * Literature Review * Research * Article * Analysis * Data and Methodology * Main Findings * Conclusion * Recommendations * References Impact of Fiscal Policy on Indian Economy Introduction In economics, fiscal policyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This can be used in times of recession or low economic activity as an essential tool for building the framework for strong economic growth and working towards full employment. In theory, the resulting deficits would be paid for by an expanded economy during the boom that would follow; this was the reasoning behind the New Deal. Governments can use a budget surplus to do two things: to slow the pace of strong economic growth and to stabilize prices when inflation is too high. Keynesian theory posits that removing spending from the economy will reduce levels of aggregate demand and contract the economy, thus stabilizing prices. Economists debate the effectiveness of fiscal stimulus. The argument mostly centers on crowding out, a phenomena where government borrowing leads to higher interest rates that offset the simulative impact of spending. When the government runs a budget deficit, funds will need to come from public borrowing (the issue of government bonds), overseas borrowing, or monetizing the debt. When governments fund a deficit with the issuing of government bonds, interest rates can increase across the market, because government borrowing creates higher demand for credit in the financial markets. This causes a lower aggregate demand for goods and services, contrary to the objective of a fiscal stimulus. Neoclassical economists generally emphasize crowding out while Keynesians argue that fiscalShow MoreRelatedFiscal Policy And Fiscal Policies1046 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesFiscal Policy Generally fiscal policy is the set of strategies that government implements or plans to use with certain activities such as the collection of revenues and taxes and expenditure that can influence the overall economic condition of the nation. A well written or planned fiscal policy can lead the nation to the steady path of the strong economy, increase employment and also maintains healthy inflation. Every country needs fiscal policy as fiscal policy plays a vital role on monitoringRead MoreConventional and Unconventional Tools Used by Central Banks, A Basic Study Guide1320 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshas to have a certain amount of reserves with them from the total deposits that have come in the bank. The central bank decides on the percentage of those reserves that the banks hold from the individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ deposits. During Expansionary Monetary Policy: a. Change the reserves requirements: The reserve requirement is lowered by the Central Bank as the Central Bank wants to increase the money supply in the economy. b. Open Market Operations: The Central bank buys the financial assets from the banksRead MoreCurrency Depreciation1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWe discuss the currency depreciation vs. devaluation. Also, discuss the impact of currency depreciation from Indian economy perspective. Currency Depreciation amp; Impact Rajesh Kanjani (34473) email@example.com SIBM Exe. MBA (2011-2014) Currency Devaluation vs. Depreciation The devaluation and deprecation of currency go more or less hand in hand. Currency depreciation is an economic result, whereas devaluing a currency is an act that results in currency depreciation. Many a timesRead MoreTerm Paper649 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages | |Post Recession Recovery: Indian Context|-----do------- | |5 | |ITC e-chaupal: Strategic Advantage of |-----do------- | | | |CSR | | |7 | |Foreign Investment in Indian economy - |-----do------- | | | Read MoreModi s Policy And Trump Win : Top 8 Economic Changes Expected Essay816 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesModi Demonetization Policy and Trump Win: Top 8 Economic Changes Expected In Coming Months In the past 15 days, we have witnessed some unbelievable things happening in India and the USA. On November 8, 2016, the Prime Minister of India announced that all currency notes of 500 and 1000 denominations will no longer be valid after four hours from the announcements. Suddenly, the sun rose in India in the night and people start making serpentine queues in many ATMÃ¢â¬â¢s and banks. If this action-packedRead MoreGlobalization And Its Impact On Socio Economy1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGlobalization and its Impact on Socio-Economy in India Dr. Mahendra Singh Associate Professor Department of Sociology Madhav University, Pindwara (Rajasthan) Abstract: Globalization was adopted by Indian Government during 1990-91 when Indian Economy was in a very bad shape. It was, however, adopted not as a solution to deteriorating Indian economy but to enable itself to get further foreign exchange loans from World Bank as its foreign exchange reserves were reduced to mere 3 weeks outflow. ToRead MoreTrade Balance in Foreign Countries984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe Indian rupee in the summer of 2013. Government intervention: A wide range of measures is in place to stabilize economy and reduce the gap between rich and poor. These measures are: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Fiscal measures: To reduce the fiscal and revenue deficit the government of India has a strong control over its own expenditure. In 1984, the government announced a package program to curtail public expenditure and to postpone fresh recruitments to government jobs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Monetary measures: The monetary policy of RBIRead MoreUnion Budget Review1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUNION BUDGET 2012-2013 ANALYSIS SAJILAL.N.S Roll No: 8, SIES EMBA 2012 CONTENTS Overview of Indian Economy Approach to Budget Key Attributes of 2012-2013 Budget Challenges Going Forward OVER VIEW OF INDIAN ECONOMY The Indian economy had left behind the low-growth track of the early 1980s, following the bold economic reforms initiated in 1991-93. India began to appear as a significant player in the global economy. IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s exports began to climb, its foreignRead MoreThe Effects Of Fiscal Policy On Inflation Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 2.3.3 The evidences of the effects of fiscal policy on inflation Blejer and Cheasty (1988) hold the view that base on the the inflationary-financing model, a decrease of fiscal deficit will leads to reductions in inflation as deficits are assumed to be financed by the inflation tax. After that, more scholars e.g. Buiter (1987), Fischer (1980) and Pfajfar (2014) believe that fiscal deficits will lead to inflation. The reason is that the central government to finance the deficit can be carried outRead MoreGlobal Crisis1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Major concern in India today is global financial crisis is leading to severe recession, In the real economy. It started showing in the effects middle of 2007 and it to 2008. Various sectors like steel, fertilizers, financial things, banking. Now Indian Government was taking considerable step for this global crisis in the next year i.e; 2010. We can see 9% rises in global economy. TATA MOTORS: In June 2008, Tata motors has acquired the Jaguar land Rover business from ford motor Company
at May 21, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The transportation and logistics industry is one of the key components of modern life. It provides the framework through which every raw material and finished consumer good is moved through the supply chain into the hands of consumers. This industry is generally taken for granted by consumers. When consumers do think about the industry it is thought of in terms of unchanging and stagnate transportation modes. This vision of the industry is not an accurate reflection of the reality of modern transportation industry. During the last several decades the technological innovations that have changed the face of modern life, have also had far reaching effects on the transportation industry. The pressures driving innovation in the industryÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Innovations that improve the functioning of transportation modes are occurring across all modes of the transportation industry. Truck transportation has been the backbone of freight movements in the United States and ac ross the globe for decades. While utilizing trucks is an economical way to move freight for short hauls of less than a 1,000 miles, there are high environmental and infrastructure costs for utilizing this mode of transportation. According to Lowe, road transportationÃ¢â¬â¢s use of energy resources rose 103 per cent in the period since 1970 (2005). Additionally, Lowe points out that road transportationÃ¢â¬â¢s emission of green house gasses, Ã¢â¬Å"increased by 76% between 1971 and 1989Ã¢â¬ (Lowe, 2005, p. 112). Furthermore, road transportation is the largest polluter in the industry. It utilizes Ã¢â¬Å"over 80% of the total energy used in the transport sector and contributes over 75% of its total CO2 output (Lowe, 2005, p. 113). Finally, freight transportation by heavy vehicles causes pavement damage at significantly higher rates than passenger traffic (SSTI, 2011). Road transportation providers have adopted several innovations that have lowered the environmental impact of this transportation mode. The adoption of clean diesel technology by the industry has resulted in significant reductions in fuel use and emissions by trucks. This innovation in diesel engineShow MoreRelatedLogistics Industry : Information, Transportation, Inventory, Warehousing, Storage, And Storage Goods1952 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLOGISTICS INDUSTRY Logistics is the process where the movement of goods from point of origin to point of consumption is planned, monitored, controlled and delivered in a proper condition. It is the process of ensuring the proper and safe delivery of quality goods at the right place, right time, right quantity and to the right person. Logistics is concerned with getting the products and services where they are needed and when they are desired. It is difficult to accomplish any marketing or manufacturingRead MoreSwot Analysis Of Ryder Systems Inc. Essay950 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmarket of commercial transportation, logistics, and supply chain management. Ryder currently operates in two segments: fleet management solutions (FMS) and supply chain solutions (SCS). FMS generates the majority of RyderÃ¢â¬â¢s revenue. This product includes leases, rentals, contract and contract-related maintenance, and fuel services. SCS provides consulting services globally (Nieman, 2013). Over the past 80 years, Ryder has transformed from a model A Ford truck into and industry leading Fortune 500Read MoreThe United States: The Impact of Its Economy on Transportation and Logistics Management811 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIts Economy on Transportation and Logistics Management Transportation and logistics coordinate the movement of goods and people. The transportation and logistics industry is the catalyst that propels the American economy. However, it works both ways. Economic pressures on the national, regional, and local levels affect decisions and policies made by logistics managers. This paper will explore the intricate relationship between the United States economy and Transportation and Logistics management. ConsumerRead MoreWhat Makes A Business Transaction?906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestransporting. As the firm grows locally, nationally, or internationally, transportation and distribution assistance is required to meet consumer demands. Here is where the demand for transportation and logistics begins with a business that may involve importing and exporting supplies required for production, and ends with a consumer receiving products purchased. (Dowlatshahi, 2010), describes inbound and outbound transportation performance as simply achieving scheduled delivery times which displaysRead MoreUsing RFID Technology in the Transportation Sector1562 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand tracking the process (Advantages of RFID in Transportation and Logistics, 2011). In the current times, radio frequency identification technology has upgraded from anonymity into applications that are rather used normally and as a consequence has helped in the acceleration of manufactured materials handling (Want, 2006). There are several uses of RFID in various sectors. However, this paper will only deal with its uses in the transportation sector and how effectively this modern technologyRead MoreEssay about C.H Robinson Worldwide Logistics Research 1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1. INDUSTRY C.H. Robinson Worldwide is a third party logistics Ã¢â¬Å"provider of multimodal transportation services and logistics solutions.Ã¢â¬ (Chrobinson.com) C.H. Robinson Worldwide belongs to the industrial sector, airfreight and logistics sub-industry. Jim Corridore in the Standards and Poors Sub-Industry review states that there is Ã¢â¬Å"a positive fundamental outlook for the air freight and logistics industry for the next 12 months.Ã¢â¬ (Standardabpoors.com) Katie Lally suggests that 2014 Ã¢â¬Å"should still beRead MoreAchieving Transportation Excellence1371 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Achieving Transportation Excellence How is process improvement important to achieving transportation excellence? How might process improvement be extended to other areas of logistics planning? The transportation sector is continually evolving. Whether moving people or products by land, sea, or air, all transportation strategies need to balance proficient network design and operations with rising intricacy, government supervision, environmental accountability, security risks and demands for flexibilityRead MoreThe Third Party Logistics Industry904 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Third Party Logistics Industry Third party logistics industry (3PL) also referred to as logistic outsourcing has become a thriving sector within the supply chain and logistics sector. As the world of logistics and supply chain management has grown so has the need for third party logistics providers to deliver comprehensive services to companies that are constantly looking for ways to stay competitive and innovative in order to improve processes, increase profits, and lower costRead MoreA Brief Note On Maritime Logistics Of Petroleum Products1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesprocess of maritime logistics of petroleum products, as they derive from world trade flows. Currently the main factors that affect the supply chain industry and sea transportation of these products are the major external effects of the economic factors of each country involved in the process, climate technology and geopolitics. However, businesses, government and society are also big influencers of the petroleum product chain. First we briefly introduce the crude oil industry from which petroleumRead MoreA Brief Note On Systems And Logistics Support Management1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Third-Party Logistics Gregory Long Florida Institute of Technology MG 5061: Systems and Logistics Support Management Dr. Janice Spangenberg February 28, 2016 Abstract TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world business environment has become so competitive that companies in order to be successful in the market must deal with different resources for satisfying their customer need. In the past decade or so the competitive global market has made a big influence in
A simple game of bingo, if analysed closely, can be shown to be a tedious task consisting of a repetitive action that occurs after being prompted by a repetitive stimulus. The skill level needed to make that action is low, and the variability in the rules of the game rarely changes. This game is not unlike many of the jobs that can be classified as having low motivational performance. We will write a custom essay sample on Motivation and Performance Theories in Relation to New Zealand Post or any similar topic only for you Order Now So why do people not only enjoy playing games like bingo, but actually pay money to have the pleasure? The answer directly points to the motivating factors of monetary rewards, which is the stimulus for the individualÃ¢â¬ s performance. In this essay I will discuss the theory behind Ã¢â¬Å"MotivationÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"PerformanceÃ¢â¬ in relation to New Zealand Post and the theoretical ideals that their management should adopt with employees. There are many theories regarding motivation with the most prevalent being the theories of Abraham Maslow and Frederick Herzberg. It is important to understand these theories and their implications to accurately comment on reinforcement theories of motivation. According to MaslowÃ¢â¬ s hierarchy of needs, there are five classes: (1) physiological, (2) safety, (3) social, (4) esteem, and (5) self-actualisation. (Karen. P. Harlos Lecture Notes) each lower level need must be satisfied before an individual experiences higher level needs. Also, as Hall, Batley, Elkin, Geare, Johnston, Jones, Selsky and Sibbald (1999) found that Maslow hypothesized that as physiological, safety, social, and esteem needs were satisfied, they ceased to motivate, while the self-actualisation needs actually motivate an individual more as they are satisfied (Hall et al. 999). Herzberg used this theory as a base to build his motivation-hygiene theory, which ties MaslowÃ¢â¬ s needs to on the job achievement. The hygiene elements relate to low needs (physiological, safety, and social)(Harlos 2000). For an individual, hygiene conditions include company policy and administration, supervision, relationships with peers and supervisors, work conditions, salary, status, and security. These, according to Herzberg account for 69% of the factors that cause employee dissatisfaction or lack of motivation. The motivation conditions, which include achievement, the job itself, recognition, responsibilities, and personal growth, accounted for 81% of the factors that contributed to job satisfaction. The hygiene conditions are extrinsic factors (behaviour that is performed for material or social rewards as defined by Harlos 2000) while the motivation conditions are intrinsic factors (behaviour that is performed for its own sake not for material or social rewards as defined by Harlos 2000), and the only way to sustain motivation toward organizational goals is through the achievement of intrinsic outcomes. Each of these theories has proven to contain ideas consistent with human nature, but each also has its limitations within organizational settings. Because lower order needs are generally satisfied in the workplace today, managers have to deal with how to provide esteem and self-actualisation to their employees, and that can be a vague concept to a manager who demands results immediately. Also, studies demonstrate that different workers are motivated by different factors be them intrinsic or extrinsic. In relation to New Zealand Post the above theories can be applied to achieve an excellent level of motivation within the organization, however there are potential disadvantages also, where the employees may get over-motivated or become too empowered and thus create divisions within the organization. In terms of MaslowÃ¢â¬ s theory, the five levels of needs could be ensured by mangers of NZ Post and overall by the corporate planners of NZ Post by the following; in terms of physiological needs, money is the driving factor here as it provides the a means of achieve food, shelter, warmth and sleep, thus that management role is very limited, as it is controlled to a degree by relevant laws of the country. However those above the management who set wages must be careful not to set wages too low, otherwise workers will become grossly dissatisfied and look elsewhere to achieve their basic needs (Hall et al. 999). At the safety level NZ Post can provide their employees with agreeable contracts and work benefits such as health care. A work environment that is considered safe as well as adequate ongoing training is another aspect, also assurances of long-term employment (Hall et al. 1999). Social level issues can be resolved by NZ Post by organising teams maybe by regions and encouraging group satisfaction, or perhaps even making sure contact is established by way of team sports days, or annual picnicÃ¢â¬ s etc, any activity that ensures worker contact (Hall et al. 999). The next level is perhaps the most crucial in terms of how much NZ Post management is concerned, management may be able to fill esteem needs of the employee by showing recognition of a job well done, which may lead to a internal structure whereby levels of achievement are reached, and as the employee reaches these levels they may gain more responsibility within the organisation (Hall et al. 1999). Self actualisation needs in terms of what management can do for employees to reach this stage, entirely depend on the individual, and the previous stage, as itself esteem is realised then self actualisation becomes of more importance, and so the employee is self-motivated and the role of the NZ Management is merely one of maintenance (Hall et al. 1999). The above are all very good in theory, but in practice the implications of some of these theories for an individual and for the organisation can be crucial. NZ Post Management couldnÃ¢â¬ t be blamed if they felt the offering of money to an employee over and above what the individual needs to satisfy there needs would result in that individual working harder, however what is more likely to happen is the individual isnÃ¢â¬ t motivated anymore by that factor, and is instead motivated by esteem needs, as cited in Hall et al. 2000) Ã¢â¬Å"A satisfied need is not a motivatorÃ¢â¬ The application of the Herzberg two-factor model is in practice much more involved that I first thought, there seems to be a large amount of criticism about Herzberg, which I will attempt to briefly outline, and thus if NZ Post was to adapt this theory it may not provide the right answer to any problems they may be facing. Firstly there has been research done into the methodology of HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s research, it seems that by asking the questions in the way that they did it was only natural that individuals would attribute the good things about the job to themselves and the bad things to the organisation (as suggested by Vroom 1964 cited in Thomson 1989). So the good things simply became meting challenges, getting promoted and assuming responsibility, whereas bad things were in affect always the fault of the organisation. Thus it was reasonable for individuals to attribute their lack of performance as being a result of poor organisational structure or communication, or poor wages or bad working conditions, therefore HerzbergÃ¢â¬ s findings were more a result of the way the questions were asked and not altogether an indication of what motivated individuals at work. The second criticism that arises is whether or not it is possible to clearly Ã¢â¬Å"distinguish between motivator and hygiene variables in the way that two factor theory does. Ã¢â¬ (Thomson 1989 pg 164). At times factors like the gender of the worker and the structure of the organisation tends to influence whether or not a job characteristics acts as a motivator or a hygiene, thus the distinction is not as clear cut as HerzbergÃ¢â¬ s theory would suggest. Finally the two-factor theory just doesnÃ¢â¬ t take into consideration the differences between individuals, its just known that individuals do not always react in a similar fashion, for the same work characteristics which will motivate one individual may not necessary motivate another. I suggest for NZ Post to be able to maintain the calibre of people they strive for, and to provide tools to develop and grow, the best way to create the desired environment and create the best management would be to adopt MaslowÃ¢â¬ s theories, as it allows for more of an individual touch to individual situations. McGregor developed an additional theory on human behaviour, motivation, and especially performance in the late 1950Ã¢â¬ ³s. His theories X and Y and were based on assumptions made regarding the Ã¢â¬Å"systemÃ¢â¬ and individuals. In short, in Theory X (the most common management practice) management organizes all elements of production, motivates and controls employee behaviour to fit the needs of the organization, and without this intervention, employees would be indifferent to changing organizational needs. McGregor further assumes that managers believe that the average employee is by nature are lazy, dislike work, want security and dislike responsibility (as cited by Harlos 2000). McGregorÃ¢â¬ s alternative to Theory X was Theory Y. This theory made the assumptions that management has the responsibility for organizing the elements of production, people are not by nature passive, but become so as a result of experiences, management should enable employees to develop their motivational characteristics, and that it is essential for management to arrange organizational conditions in a manner where employees can achieve their own goals by directing their personal effort towards organizational objectives. The contrast between X and Y solely relates to who controls human behaviour. Theory X touts external control, and Theory Y promotes a self-fulfilling prophecy and that Theory Y management will breed Theory Y employees and vice-versa. In the application of McGregorÃ¢â¬ s theories an obvious pitfall is that obviously given the choice management will opt for Theory Y, however the application can result in a very different outcome. Theory Y places an unrealistic amount of burden on the management, and thus they have to sometimes resort to Theory X as no matter how much nurturing or inspiration managers give to employees, there will always be some who just have no desire to work, and show little or no initiative. So NZ Post may run many seminars to attempt to increase performance, or empower those who management feel need a performance boost, yet inevitably those who have no desire to perform better will just not respond to any of these performance motivators and hence management will have to resort to Theory X management to get these employees to work as they should be. Another problem may be with those employees who have been part of the organisation for a number of years, and a new fresh inspirational manager comes along who has been to all the courses and seminars and has used all the theories, and yet these employees are so used to old school Theory X management, they will just simply not be able to conform to this new Theory Y management style, as suggested in Hall et al. (1999) In conclusion I have outlines both MaslowÃ¢â¬ s and HerzbergÃ¢â¬ s theories in relation to motivation and McGregorÃ¢â¬ s theories in relation to performance. I also have suggested ways in which NZ Post could apply these theories to enable them to better fulfil their corporate profile statement. I suggested that perhaps HerzbergÃ¢â¬ s theory would not be best suited to NZ Post due to the many flaws in the application of his theory and that MaslowÃ¢â¬ s theory in practice would enable a better fufilment of the corperate profile statement. How to cite Motivation and Performance Theories in Relation to New Zealand Post, Essay examples
Friday, April 24, 2020
The Character of Lady Macbeth Paper The character of Lady Macbeth is riddled with complications. Discerning her morality is a question that has no definite answer. Essentially her role in the play is as Macbeths wife and regardless of her motives for doing so she is the driving force in the murder of King Duncan. I am going to study the character of Lady Macbeth to determine different ways in which the character could be portrayed. There are two reasons why there is so much uncertainty about her character. The first is being the way the plot unfolds. The first time Lady Macbeth is introduced is in act 1 scene 5 and it is significant that her first sentence is Glamis thou art, and Cawder; and shalt be what thou art promised i. e. King of Scotland, significant because immediately it makes her sound obsessive. After this we see her character conjure evil spirits, this point will be discussed later in detail because it is an important factor in completing the task, but we begin to think that there is only one side to her character. As the play goes on we learn more about Lady Macbeth, which makes us question our pre-conceptions and consequently review previous scenes in this new light. We will write a custom essay sample on The Character of Lady Macbeth specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Character of Lady Macbeth specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Character of Lady Macbeth specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The second reason why her character is ambivalent in nature is quite simply to do with the fact that Macbeth is a play, and therefore will be acted. Different emphasis, pauses, hand movements and changes in the speed of delivery can quite easily alter the way the audience will perceive a particular scene, providing that the text will support this. A very good and simple example for this is: When considering whose idea it is to kill the King, to make it seem like it is Lady Macbeths evil plan we would put emphasis on all uses of first-person pronouns in her lines e. . my fell purpose and Leave all the rest to me. After studying the text I believe that there are three definitive interpretation of Lady Macbeths character. The first version is that of an evil woman who can only achieve her aims through her husband and therefore uses him as a means to get what she wants. Another version of her character is as a supportive wife and therefore partially the victim during the course of Macbe ths quest for the throne, who consciously does everything to please her husband. Finally, she could be portrayed as a loving wife whose impulsive mistakes and hunger for power causes her to lose control, she perhaps feels the killing will stop with that of Duncan. As mentioned she is maybe using Macbeth. This is significant to the middle ages because women did not have any status and were considered the property of their husbands. Ambitious women like Lady Macbeth could only gain consequence through their husbands. If Lady Macbeth convinced Macbeth that he wanted to be king then she would have gained from his actions. The play is full of examples that display Lady Macbeth spurring Macbeth to kill Duncan even when he seems to be against the idea. Most noticeably in act 1 scene 7, Macbeth says, We will proceed no further in this business. Her response to this is: Such I account thy love, suggesting he cannot love her if this is his ultimatum. She also implies he is a coward, Art thou afeard to be the same in thine own act and valour as thou art in desire? After seeing his reaction, I dare do all that may become a man she feels she is motivating him and follows his reply with When you durst do it, then you were a man. She is exasperating his male pride and honour, and ends up manipulating him to do the deed. At one point Lady Macbeth mentions that Macbeth had sworn to carry out the deed when neither time nor place did then adhere. So the killing of Duncan may have been an idea that they shared amongst themselves in the past. This is a good example of newfound knowledge going in favour of Lady Macbeth. Now considering that Lady Macbeth has always been aware of Macbeths vaulting ambition and his plans to kill the King; we can now understand why she immediately concludes that Duncan must be murdered upon reading Macbeths letter. Alternatively, when she says he has sworn, she could be referring to the conversation that they had at the end of act 1 scene 5 in which case she is trying to trick him in to thinking that he had sworn to do it when in fact he said, we will speak further. This is very sly and contributes as evidence towards the argument that she pushed him to kill the king against his better judgement. When a messenger tells Lady Macbeth that the King is to make a visit that night; she makes several interesting comments. Firstly she says, He brings great news. This is a rather awkward line to analyse because it seems to be said in pure delight (with the murder in mind), it is a key line in interpreting her as an opportunistic character. An actress portraying Lady Macbeth as benevolent would very much try to mellow down this statement, by saying it slowly, thoughtfully and with almost a sarcastic undertone in her voice, making it seem as though she is dreading it. In fact this style or similar should be used to mellow down any statement such as That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan under my battlements. She could say it in an almost sympathetic voice, sorry for him but moreover herself. A smile whilst saying this would be effective in portraying cruelty. Now we arrive at the place in the play where Lady Macbeth conjures evil spirits, this scene adds to our uncertainty about her, but different points can be picked out to serve different purposes/portrayals. Come you spirits 40 That tend on mortal thoughts! Unsex me here, And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full Of direst cruelty; make thick my blood, Stop up the access and passage to remorse, Taking in to account that there are three different interpretations of Lady Macbeth this extract lends itself to all three. The Shakespearean audience would not have looked favourably on witchcraft, which is what Lady Macbeth is doing. From an evil point of view if she were to experience any remorse, it would not be from killing the King, but instead from using her husband, because there is no evidence that suggests she doesnt love him to some degree. However, as a director you may feel that Lady Macbeth is filling her mind with direst cruelty because she is not in fact evil (logically she would only need evil if she was of good nature) and so she needs to invite darkness in to her soul before she can instigate the killing. In contrast, if the actress were to make herself seem vulnerable and if on line thirty-nine (also forty-seven and forty-nine) she put emphasis on the pronoun you (when referring to the evil spirits) she would make herself seem like a victim and successfully create the impression that she is not what they are. There is a scene after the murders where Lady Macbeth faints. It has been argued over, as long as the play itself, whether she fainted to distract attention from her struggling husband or whether strangely she realises the implications of her actions. The line is Help me hence, ho! and then she faints. If one wanted to make out that she did so to distract attention from her husband who was being interrogated then the line would be said in a theatrical and pretentious manner, with perhaps her glancing at him and then fainting. Alternatively to follow the other scenario, she would have to make the fainting more realistic and this could be done by slowly building up to it. At first the supportive wifes part in the play is to spur Macbeth to do the deed, but now we are at the stage in the play where Macbeth has just killed the king and now Lady Macbeth changes her role. She now supports Macbeth and calms him; Consider it not so deeply. When he becomes numb she takes control of the situation, Give me the daggers. She could be doing this because then she will not feel as guilty about using him. Other sections of the script, in this particular scene, such as her cruel pun, For it must seem their guilt and her general calmness in the situation is quite perplexing considering Macbeths numbness. These are points to highlight when making her seem wicked, due to her indifference, highlighted by Macbeths guilt. A point of discussion is why doesnt Lady Macbeth kill Duncan herself? There are several possibilities, of which one is clearly supported by the text. Lady Macbeth said, Had he not resembled my father as he slept, I had donet. Yet it is another view that this is just an excuse and she is using Macbeth to achieve something she cannot do herself, however evil she may be. In this situation I think the first possibility is the most realistic one because Lady Macbeth says the line to the audience and not to Macbeth in the form of reasoning. I think that from her determination and her inability to see the wrong in her actions I think that maybe she could have killed the King herself. Banquo is another character that is murdered in the play; this is done because Macbeth does not want Banquos prophecy to come true for him. We can only speculate whether Lady Macbeth knew about the murder of Banquo. What we do know is that she was aware that Macbeth planned to kill him, he says to her Thou knowst that Banquo and his Fleance lives. In what can be interpreted in a rather sly manner; Lady Macbeth replies with But in them natures copys not eterne. But this time Lady Macbeth doesnt tell Macbeth to leave the matter in her hands but instead it is Macbeth who ends the scene with Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck. This change is significant because it is as if Macbeth now no longer needs Lady Macbeth to spur him anymore. In the end it appears that Lady Macbeth just disappears from the play, a method Shakespeare used in Ki ng Lear. As the audience we have to try and understand why Shakespeare does this. If we see Lady Macbeth as just a functional character whose role is to motivate Macbeth to fulfil his ambitions; then we can conclude she is pulled out of the play after she serves this purpose, but only after we see the effects her actions have had on her. Lady Macbeths last scene is when she goes insane, and it is in her insanity that to some extent she realises what she has done, and the great consequences that they had, who would have thought the old man to have so much blood in him? Quite different from her thoughts at the end of act two scene two, A little water clears us of the deed. She also ponders the fate of others, The Thane of Fife had a wife: where is she now? This is a murder, like that of Banquo, with which she had no direct link with, but she started Macbeth off and must face much of the blame. It is important to mention that the portrayal of Lady Macbeth is very much dependent on how Macbeths role is acted, because what is important is that a balance is struck and that they both complement each other. From the aspect of the play the final scene may have the answer to the question of Lady Macbeths morality. Malcolm having defeated the crazed Macbeth is the saviour or hero of the play and therefore his opinion is to be taken seriously. He declares an end to Macbeths tyrannical rule over Scotland, condemning him and also his fiendish wife. This label for her, coming from Malcolm, is not to be considered gospel but of significant credibility. So far the factors I have taken in to consideration are the most significant scenes in the play for Lady Macbeth, from the evidence I have chosen to play Lady Macbeth as being evil. Now with this decision I will discuss the casting and costumes. The actress who will play Lady Macbeth should be able to look evil yet have a benevolent appeal. An actress who is tall and slim would be the most appropriate, because it will show feminine power, it would be best if she were also beautiful so we could believe that this women could successfully manipulate a man. Facial features would best include visible cheekbones, which gives the notion of power. At first her face should not look plain; make-up should be used to bring colour to her lips and cheeks (building on her sexual power), but also to make her eyes dark so she appears mysterious. Though sometimes overused in the portrayal of evil the costumes should revolve around black and red. Black and red being synonymous with evil, darkness etc. i. e. the characteristics we want to bring out. I would use the costume to emphasise a change in Lady Macbeth from before she conjures the evil spirits to after. Prior to doing so she should wear all black, but then she should incorporate red, the audience will be able to identify with the colours. In between I do not believe that the colours will play a lot of significance. However, for the last scene where she goes mad I would dress her in white, not because she is innocent but because she is vulnerable and the audience will notice the change in her costume as a complement to that in her attributes. Removing the colour from her face would also help emphasise this.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Mohatma Ghandi essays HYPOHESIS- That Ghandis strengths were in being able to combat the unfairness of British rule and in temporarily unifuing a nation of very different people in opposition to the British in order to win independance for India and Pakistan. The country of India was the largest most prestigious possession within the British Empire. Up until World War one the British had never considered giving independence to India. There was a dramatic superior-inferior relationship between the British and the Indians. There was no strong sense of unity in India at this time. One man had the strength to combat the unfairness of British rule and temporarily unify this broken nation to achieve independence for the country. Mohandas Ghandi was a qualified solicitor, studied in London and had been practicing in South Africa where he represented Indian minority settlers. At forty six years of age Ghandi returned to India after WW1. Disgusted at the Rowlatt acts and the Armritsar Affair, Ghandi became determined to free India of both British rule and European influence. The Indian nationalist movement was strong within educated Indians but lacked support of the masses The illiterate Indian peasants were conditioned by centuries of hardship to endure misery and act in obedience to their overlords whoever they might be.(Cowie. p.40) It was almost impossible to influence, persuade or inspire them. Ghandi was the man who would do this. Affectionately given the name Mahatma (great soul), Ghandi condemned all things Western. He claimed true Indian nationalism involved a return to a simplistic peasant society of self supporting workers. To prove his belief to the country and show he was a man of the people he dressed like them, shared their poverty and their simplicity. By this he achieved a great emotional awakening among the masses. The effectiveness of Ghandis leadership by example was due to his ability to d...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
10 TED Talks to inspire teachers Summer is on the way out, and the school year is underway. Everything is shiny and new. But if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve taught before, you know itÃ¢â¬â¢s not long until the gleam wears off and the grind of the school year sets in. These 10 Ted Talks from teachers who are changing the world around them will inspire you long after September has passed. Watch when youÃ¢â¬â¢re feeling burned out, and know that you, too, have a personal hand in molding the lives of the kids you see every day.1. Rita F. Pierson: Ã¢â¬Å"Every Kid Needs a ChampionÃ¢â¬ Pierson has been a teacher for the past 40 years. Her bottom line: you have to connect with your students on a human, personal level. Her response to a colleague who said he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t paid to like the kids? The kids can tell.2. Linda Cliatt-Wayman: Ã¢â¬Å"How to Fix a Broken SchoolÃ¢â¬ Her answer to this question? Ã¢â¬Å"Lead fearlessly, love hard.Ã¢â¬ This principal of a once-failing North Philadelphia school has a lot to say about the com plexities of running Ã¢â¬Å"low performing and persistently dangerousÃ¢â¬ schools and how a true love of the students is the only foundation for any change.3. Sakena Yacoobi: Ã¢â¬Å"How I stopped the Taliban from shutting down my schoolÃ¢â¬ The Taliban shut down every girlsÃ¢â¬â¢ school in Afghanistan. Yacoobi set up new ones- secret schools to educate thousands of girls and boys. This inspirational talk shows just what a teacher is capable of in the face of terrifying obstacles.4. Nadia Lopez: Ã¢â¬Å"Why open a school? To close a prison.Ã¢â¬ Lopez is the founder of Mott Hall Bridges Academy in Brownsville, Brooklyn- one of the most violent and underserved neighborhoods of New York City. Here, she talks about finding out what each child is capable of and how they can plan for a bright future.5. Christopher Emdin: Ã¢â¬Å"Teach teachers how to create magicÃ¢â¬ EmdinÃ¢â¬â¢s focus is making learning come alive. Whatever gets a kid interested and engaged allows you to teach- anything from rap songs to barbershop banter to church sermons. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s also the founder of Science Genius B.A.T.T.L.E.S. with GZA of the Wu-Tang Clan.6. Ramsey Musallam: Ã¢â¬Å"3 rules to spark learningÃ¢â¬ Musallam was jarred awake after 10 years of what he calls Ã¢â¬Å"pseudo teachingÃ¢â¬ by surgery and the surgeon who saved his life. Here, he talks about the three principles he used to turn his classroom around.7. Fawn Qiu: Ã¢â¬Å"Easy DIY projects for kid engineersÃ¢â¬ Trying to figure out how to get kids into STEM? QiuÃ¢â¬â¢s practical advice gives great ideas to teachers hoping to find low-cost, innovative ideas for projects for students of all levels to get them excited by STEM fields.8. Reshma Saujani: Ã¢â¬Å"Teach girls bravery, not perfectionÃ¢â¬ Girls are often socialized to be perfect- and not just that, but to meet impossible standards of perfection. If they feel they canÃ¢â¬â¢t live up to these impossible ideals, theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll often give up. Saujani wants to teach girls to respond to challenges with bravery and confidence.9. Eduardo BriceÃ ±o: Ã¢â¬Å"How to get better at the things you care aboutÃ¢â¬ No matter how much you want to be good at something, there will always come a time when your work will stagnate, no matter how persistently youÃ¢â¬â¢re working. These times require a bit of extra determination. BriceÃ ±o also offers up a strategy- alternating between learning and performance modes- to keep things fresh and forward moving.10. Stephen Ritz: Ã¢â¬Å"A teacher growing green in the South BronxÃ¢â¬ A tree grows in the Bronx? Ritz focuses on urban landscaping and agricultural projects that help his students learn new skills effortlessly while improving an underserved communityÃ¢â¬â¢s access to nutritious food. HeÃ¢â¬â¢ll help you learn how to think outside the box. Prepare to be inspired.
Friday, February 14, 2020
RUINED - Essay Example The play is an amalgamation of both harrowing and shocking experiences brought together by Kate WhoriskeyÃ¢â¬â¢s ensemble, sets by Derek McLane and scintillating music by Dominic Kanza. In her 2007 play Nottage paints shocking and evocative portraits of the lives of African Americans while portraying the horrific sufferings and brutalization suffered by them during the decade long civil conflict that took place in the Congo. The clear message of Nottage was to bring about an awareness among the people about the atrocities meted out to the minorities of African Americans and to put an end to such practices in the future. Through the darkest moments of Ã¢â¬ËRuinedÃ¢â¬â¢ there emerges and shines out awe inspiring nobility and profound tenderness that melts the heart. Ã¢â¬ËRuined is the kind of play that serves as a homage to all those resilient women who have to pull themselves together and lead a new life after they have been Ã¢â¬ËruinedÃ¢â¬â¢. The primary aim of the playwr ight was to bring a problem that seemed too far away, right into the midst of contemporary society. According to what Nottage states - Ã "But I wanted to create an emotional bridge, so that when people are reading those articles, they feel that they're connecting with living, breathing human beings, not just statistics." (Lynn Nottage, 2007) The central theme of the plot revolves around the present-day Democratic Republic of the Congo, and traces a young womanÃ¢â¬â¢s nightmarish journey to a business savvy woman running a brothel called Mama Nadi during the thick of the Civil War. The director, Seret Scott, was quite capable in unifying the whole act together as a lot of trouble was taken for the costumes, lighting and the setting of each scene. For example, most of the scenes were set in a bar or brothel that was located in a mining area in the Congo rain forest. The regular clients were rustic rebels, miners and government officials who were in charge on that particular area o n any given day. These people were rough and with no sympathy. According to Nottage, Ã¢â¬Å"Rape has become a weapon of warÃ¢â¬ and these women were raped and mutilated in the most callous manner. The characters in the play each played their part very well and I am sure that their performances would have helped many people identify with them. Though I disliked the character of Mama Nadi, yet I liked the way she performed as the mistress of the brothel house. The reason why I disliked her character was because even though she was a woman herself, she had no sympathy for the other women who were so brutally treated. She goes by rules that are to be followed and everything is business for her. One of the characters that I like in the play is that of Christian played by Oberon K.A. Adjepond, who supplies Mama Nadi with whatever she needs for the house. Christian is a decent character who loves poetry and spontaneously recites a few lines of poetry throughout the play. The reason why I like this character is because he is quite reliable and trustworthy, especially when considering the type of people he is surrounded with. He tries to lend support to the ladies when the bad guys come and argues with them, but it is rather surprising that he somehow gets away with what he says. Sophie is another character that I like in the play. I feel sorry for the way she was brutally raped. Even Mama Nadi who is considered to have a cold heart, is seen to show some understanding and tenderness towards Sophie and this understanding can be
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Health Organization Case Study - Essay Example In the year 2011, UnitedHealth Group Incorporated showed total net earnings of $5.142 billion. UnitedHealth Group is the holding company of the UnitedHealthcare, and is the largest and chief health carrier all over the United States of America. The company was formed in the year 1977 and was initially called the United HealthCare Corporation. The name was changed again in the year 1998, but even the new name has its origin based in a firm that the UnitedHealth Group acquired back in the year 1977 which was called the Charter Med Incorporated and was formed in the year 1974. It was in 1979, that the UnitedHealth introduced their first network-based health plan targeting the seniors citizens in America the company became a publicly traded one in 1984. UnitedHealthcare was very recently given the highest rating in the area of employer satisfaction for all self-insured health plan companies by J.D. Power and Associates. The company also received top ratings in 2011 from the American Medi cal Association (AMA) in the National Health Insurance Report Card published by the AMA. This fourth annual report card published by the American Medical Association assessed seven different national health insurance companies on the criterion of both timeliness as well as the accuracy of their claims basing their evaluation on different metrics like the assortment of payment made to the companies, and some process metrics. UnitedHealthcare also moved to the top spot amongst all of its industry peers on the two metrics: concerning Contracted Fee Schedule Match Rate and Electronic Remittance Advice (ERA) Accuracy. Contracted Fee Schedule Match Rate basically is an indicator of how often the insurer's claim payment tallies the fee schedule put down in the initial contract. Electronic Remittance Advice (ERA) Accuracy is the measure of the rate at which the amount allowed by the insurer actually equals to the expected allowed payment of the physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s services. In a more recent publication of the health insurance industry called the Ã¢â¬ËBusiness InsuranceÃ¢â¬â¢, UnitedHealthcare was called the "readers choice" winner for the year 2010 in the category of "Best health plan provider". In contrast to all these ratings, UnitedHealthcare was given a 65% unfavorable rating by a group of hospital executives who had on several occasions dealt with UnitedHealthcare on previous occasions. Though this number is quite good and up by about 33% from the rating in 2010, UnitedHealthcare still is at the bottom of all the companied included in the list. As already mentioned, UnitedHealthcare is a recognized leader in the health insurance claim business and it strives to constantly improve on the quality of the services they are offering to their customers and the overall effectiveness of the notion of healthcare for every American citizen. They want to enhance every individuals reach to health perks and benefits offered by the health insurance companies like theirs. Th ey are striving to constantly create new and innovative health products and services that will make the entire concept of healthcare more affordable to American citizens. They also tend to use technology to make the entire health care system easier to manage and navigate around. The different subsidiaries of the company are constantly coming up with a line up for innovative services and products for an approximate 70 million of its
Friday, January 24, 2020
Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã For this report I choose the movie Seven. This movie was released back in 1995 and stars Morgan Freeman, Brad Pitt, Gweneth Paltrow, R. Lee Ermey, John McGinley, and Kevin Spacy. Seven was directed by David Fincher and written by Andrew K. Walker. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The movie begins with the usual old cop, who is about to retire, and teams up with a young, ready to take on the world cop. The first act begins promisingly, with two cops being assigned to their first case together. One is white and the other is black and they have vastly different investigative styles. Each murder, being investigated by Lieutenant William Somerset (Morgan Freeman) and Detective David Mills (Brad Pitt), is based on one of the Seven Deadly Sins, which are Gluttony, Greed, Sloth, Envy, Wrath, Pride and Lust. The detectives find an enormously fat man who is forced to eat himself to death-Gluttony. The detectives discover a high profile lawyer who is made to cut off a pound of flesh for Greed. They find hooker who has been killed by having sex with a man that we will just say?s wearing an apparatus on his body for Lust. A runway model is forced to choose death or disfigurement for Pride. Sloth was a man that had been tortured for a whole year. He had been barely kept alive and his hand had been cut off for his fingerprints. He is the only victim that does not die but is a complete vegetable in such a fragile state that he would be better off dead. For envy and wrath we will come back to in a bit. The kil...
Thursday, January 16, 2020
In the essay Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Unjust Drug WarÃ¢â¬ by Michael Huemer, Huemer discusses the facts and opinions around the subject on whether or not the recreational use of drugs should be banned by law. Huemer believes that the American government should not prohibit the use of drugs. He brings up the point on drugs and how they harm the users and the people in the userÃ¢â¬â¢s life; he proves that the prohibition on drugs in unjust. Huemer believes that drug prohibition is an injustice to AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ natural rights and questions why people can persucute those who do drugs. The most prominent argument against the use of drugs is the harm it has on the users. Although drug use is potentially very harmful to the users the government should not be allowed to prohibit people from harming themselves. Many things people regularly take part in are equally as harmful as drug use such as Ã¢â¬Å"smoking tobacco, drinking alcohol, eating too much, riding motorcycles, having unprotected or promiscuous sexÃ¢â¬ ¦(Huemer, Para. 5).Ã¢â¬ There is no way that the government can prohibit all those acts for it is not any of their business. One might argue that drug use is more harmful then those acts, they would be wrong in most cases because all of those acts lead to death which is as harmful as you can get. The Office of National Drug Control Policy claims that drugs kill eighteen thousand Americans a year while tobacco kills four hundred and forty thousand Americans per year. Another relevant statistic is obesity causes up to four hundred and twenty thousand deaths per year. Neither tobacco smokers nor obese people have been punished yet many drug users are imprisoned. Another point prohibitionists suggest against the use of drugs is that drugs harm oneÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life however many other things harm oneÃ¢â¬â¢s quality of life such as dropping out of high school or working at the same job your entire life; all of these are choices people make and the only choice that is persecuted is doing drugs, the others are considered ridiculous to persecute. The money that drug users use on money is equivalent to those who gamble or spend it on frivolous things leaving both lives at smaller quality, yet the drug users are persecuted. Although the use of drugs has the same affects on other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s life choices drug users are persecuted and people who make equally life-threatening choices are left to make those choices with no persecutions. Another argument against the use of drugs is the harm it potentially has against the people around the users. People around drug users do have the potential to be harmed from them yet so do many other things; driving could potentially hurt people and many other things, yet anyone who has a license can drive a vehicle without being persecuted. Every choice in life has risks of hurting people yet the only one choice is persecuted; drugs. Although it seems absurd to punish people for being inconsiderate or making not so good choices the outcome of their choices on the public are similar to drug users. If drugs are truly unjust then America has over four hundred and fifty thousand people in jail unjustly. They are not just being punished for no reason they are being punished for exercising their right as a human, making their own choices. Everyone has the right to choose to do drugs or not to do them. If there was a drug that took away the users freedom to make choices or to attack and hurt other people then the government could step in and help, however no drug exists that have that effects on people. The belief supporting that it is a human right to choose to do drugs comes from the idea that everyone owns their own body. So a person can make any choice as what they can do to their body, harmful or not. An example of this can be seen in the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s right to have or not have an abortion. Some people believe it is the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s choice because it is her body but others believe she should not be allowed to because it hurts the fetus, which is potentially a live human. Most people support the belief that people have the right to choose what the do to their body however with this right you may not use their body to harm others. Prohibitionists argue that drug use is not ones right over their body because the drugs are making the choices and not the person freely, maybe it is not their fault they have abused drugs it could have been psychological compulsion or something similar. It is still unjust to persecute these people because they are not morally responsible for that choice. However if users do freely decide to use drugs then they are exercising their rights and the government has no right to interfere. Overall Huemer looks at all the prohibitionists arguments that could be thought of and disproves their belief on the laws against drug use. Huemer believes it is a human right to choose to do drugs just as it is to eat whatever food you choose even if it makes you obese, or smoke as many cigarettes a day even though you will probably die, and the choice to have an abortion. With life you have many choices you can make and with that choice comes the chance of hurting yourself either physically or mentally as well as people that surround you. In conclusion Huemer fully disagrees with the prohibits on the use of drugs in America with his belief that the persecutions are fully unjust as well as inhumane with many people in jail because they chose to use drugs.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
LermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s Characters and Russian Society In A Hero of Our Time, by Mikhail Lermontov, the author uses the multiple settings in each book to express different characteristics of Pechorin, which reveals LermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s views of 19th century Russian society. LermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s views of 19th century Russian society become apparent in many of his works, especially his novel A Hero of Our Time. Each town in the novel aspires different characteristics of the main character, Pechorin. Every characteristic revealed through the towns epitomizes the buildings of a socially acceptable male during this time period. The town of Taman lacks a formal government in 19th century Russia and the people of this time struggle to avoid sickness. Pechorin looks downÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦PechorinÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to never back down from a duel parallels to LermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s life and how he fought like a man in order to be thought upon as a man. Lermontov died from a duel, however he was a military man, and he never backed down from t he duel that ended his life, which exemplifies his strong role as a Russian male of the 19th century. Cossack Village, a town in The Fatalist exemplifies the importance of the maleÃ¢â¬â¢s military experience. During this time, males enrolled in the military through force and competition. Lermontov served in the military, which parallels to why almost every man in the novel served in the military. Enlisting and serving your role in the Russian military exemplified the role of a man. Pechorin knew the military style well, since he partook that role. Ã¢â¬Å"That new suffering created within me a fortunate diversion Ã¢â¬â to speak in military styleÃ¢â¬ (Lermontov 162). Military style exhibits PechorinÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of manhood and its importance. Lermontov arrays himself through the character of Pechorin by making him a military man, and never having him relinquish his duties that come with it. The men in the novel wear their soldier clothing with pride and justice. Ã¢â¬Å"Hence the pride with which he wears his thick soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s cloakÃ¢â¬ ¦Grushnitski is looked upon as a man of distinguished courage. I have seen him in actionÃ¢â¬ (Lermontov 85). A sense of pride overwhelms theShow MoreRelatedThe s Usage Of Chance And Coincidence As The Mode Of Expression Of Fate1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s usage of chance and coincidence as the mode of expression of fate can be seen explicitly in Ã¢â¬Å"Princess MaryÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Fatalist,Ã¢â¬ both short stories from PechorinÃ¢â¬â¢s journal. Ã¢â¬Å"Princess MaryÃ¢â¬ retells the story of the time that Pechorin spent in the town of Pyatigorsk, a spa town located in the Caucases. In Pyatigorsk, Pechorin encounters an old acquaintance of his, Grushnitsky, who Pechorin secretly dislikes despite his veil of friendship. Also present in the town are Princess LigovskayaRead MoreEssay about Discusses the Reliability of Specific Narrators1777 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesuse has on a readers view of reliability. The novels Heart of Darkness By Joseph Conrad and A Hero of Our Time By Mikhail Lermontov both contain more than one narrator. Heart of Darkness has two narrators, an anonymous passenger on a pleasure ship who listens to Marlows story and Marlow himself. The first narrator speaks in the first person plural on behalf of four other passengers who are listening to Marlows tale. Marlow also speaks in the first person. A Hero of Our Time has three narrators:Read MoreGender Roles Of Anton Chekhov s Works2015 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesforced into disreputable careers to support their family. In Mikhail LermontovÃ¢â¬â¢s novel A Hero of our Time, Pechorin helps Azamat steal Karagyoz, KazbichÃ¢â¬â¢s horse, in exchange for Bela. In PechorinÃ¢â¬â¢s view, Bela is seen as a material possession whom he married to try to find happiness, but she only brings him temporary pleasure. Women were regarded as inferior to men. Men would satisfy their poshlust by Ã¢â¬Å"collectingÃ¢â¬ women through sexual encounters, or they would satisfy their poshlust by Ã¢â¬Å"owningÃ¢â¬ the
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
How Does Fitzgerald set up contrast within the first chapter? In Ã¢â¬ËThe Great GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢ by F. Scott Fitzgerald the author uses various techniques to set up contrasts and conÃ¯ ¬âicts within the Ã¯ ¬ rst chapter to show the corruption of the American Dream in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s when the book was set and also the corruption of the people during the roaring twenties. Examples of the techniques used to express these themes are characterization, dialogue, Ã¯ ¬ gurative language, diction choices , symbolism and foreshadowing. Throughout the book our narrator is Nick Carraway who comes from middle west America and in the Ã¯ ¬ rst chapter he Ã¢â¬Å"went East to learn the bond businessÃ¢â¬ and rents a house in West Egg, Long Island. One of the conÃ¯ ¬âicting aspect in the Ã¯ ¬ rst chapterÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another conÃ¯ ¬âict Fitzgerald sets up is done through the way he shows the boredom of people in East Egg. The author uses techniques such as Ã¯ ¬ gurative language, dialogue and diction choices. When NickShow MoreRel atedExamples of Post Modernism in Play and Worker Drone Essay2474 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Task 1, Topic 2: Two Examples of Post modernism ROUGH COPY In any situation foreign to the character, anything and everything will be done to try to make sense of ones surroundings. The importance of identifying the type of the movies shown in Ã¢â¬Å"Worker DroneÃ¢â¬ by Raju, S. (2010) and Ã¢â¬Å"PlayÃ¢â¬ by Kaplan and Zimmerman (2010) are vital to the understanding of not only the plot, but also the common themes presented. For example, common themes in both movies were was the sense of paranoia, a showcase of
Sunday, December 22, 2019
Let me tell you about Ã¢â¬Å"the perfect republic.Ã¢â¬ First, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll describe it to you using PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic as a guide. Then, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll explain whether it is better to live in PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s republic or in a timarchy, oligarchy, democracy, or a tyranny. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s books create an ideal city where there are the producers (farmers, craftsmen, etc.), the auxiliaries, also known as the warriors, and the guardians, they are the rulers of this city. Each of these groups must perform its job, and only that one job, and each must have the right amount of amount of power in relation to the other groups. This then brings us to the myth of metals, the guardians are gold, the auxiliaries are silver, and the producers are iron and bronze (415a). The reason why the guardians are gold is because they are the most precious and revered, and the quality of the metal or soul goes down the farther you go down the class system. But before I get ahead of myself how are guardians su pposed to be rulers? Are they born knowing how to rule? No, they are tested at a young age, and are brought to terrors and then cast into pleasures testing them to see if they are perfect if they do not pass this test they are to serve under the one who passes the trials (413d). Now Socrates was a daring and creative man, and laid out three ideas known as the three waves of ridiculousness. The first wave was a big one; he suggested that men and women alike should get equal education. Ã¢â¬Å"Is it possible to use any animal for the same thingsShow MoreRelatedPlato, An Ancient Greek Philosopher1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Plato, an Ancient Greek Philosopher by Carly Rittenmeyer Bible and the Ancient World Spring 2015 Plato, a Greek Philosopher, is known for his writings that impacted people in the Ancient Greek society. He was a free thinker and lived in a free city, Athens. He was taught by multiple teachers including Socrates who was frequently mentioned in his writings as the central character. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Republic, influenced the idea of government and showsRead MoreJustice Is The Legal Or Philosophical Theory Of Justice1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesout by the Ancient Greek philosopher Plato in his work The Republic. Plato was highly dissatisfied with the prevailing degenerating conditions in Athens. The Athenian democracy was on the verge of ruin and was ultimately responsible for SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ death Ã¢â¬â his mentor. Plato saw in justice the only remedy of saving Athens from decay and ruin. Evidently, factors such as amateurishness, political selfishness and excessive individualism became main targets of Plato s attack which were rampant in the GreekRead MoreThe Republ ic By Plato And The Prince By Machiavelli1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough written nearly two centuries apart, The Republic by Plato and The Prince by Machiavelli offer important views on political philosophies of rulers. Plato writes of a perfect society where status as ruler is naturally selected through innate abilities. These abilities are used to sustain the society, better it, and preserve it. Machiavelli writes of a society where anyone can be a prince; which for our purposes is a synonym for ruler, if they follow his instructions. These instructions areRead MoreSocrates s View Of Justice1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor the first time to definitions, Plato, accepting his teaching, came to the conclusion that it applied to something other than the sensible world: the common definition, he reasoned, could not apply to any of the sensible, since they were always changing,Ã¢â¬ (Guthrie). Socrates was constantly wrapped up in thought about how the mind works, and of course, how and why the mind changes. These ideas strengthened many of the arguments that Socrates makes in Republic books one through seven. Some of theseRead MorePlato s Interpretation Of Utopia1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPlato and Aristotle shared many differences despite also sharing a teacher student relationship. This essay will strive to establish their understandings of reason and the role reason plays in their comprehensions of politics, differentiating between the kinds of reason and politics produced as a result. Plato is regarded as the first writer of political philosophy while Aristotle is recognised as the first political scientist. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretation of Utopia is founded upon the existence of threeRead MoreAnalysis Of The Sun, Line, And Cave 1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesworld of senses and moving towards the Forms/world of intellect. Within PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic there are three analogies: the sun, line, and cave, which are intended to clarify how things experienced in the sensible world are less real than the Forms. All three analogies are consistent through their descriptions of the differences between the intelligible and sensible worlds. The usage of all three also enables Plato to guide readers through the knowledge process, starting with a simple description of theRead MoreCivility644 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesi.e. optimism for the betterment of society. Plato in The Republic speaks about the ideal virtues of the soul and Davetian goes on to tell us the current problems with American civility. I think what we can take from both readings is a sense that human intellect and virtue can and will ultimately lead us to a better society. To fully understand the basic concepts of societal values that should be understood, and in turn followed, The Republic (Plato, Reprinted 1985) is an important piece of literatureRead MoreThe Allegory Of The Cave1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof the world so once he steps outside; the sun hurts his eyes, and burns his skin. He eventually acclimates, and is able to enjoy everything. Plato uses an Allegory with the relationship between the darkness of the cave and everything that the world has to offer. Plato believed that the human mind has the capability to recognize the Ã¢â¬Ëideal forms.Ã¢â¬â¢ Plato uses the sun and something good and positive whereas the darkness is dull and haunting. With the sun, there is growth everywhere, light, and colorRead MoreThe Inferno By Dante And The Allegory Of The Cave1169 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesguiding, rather than definite. Through these two examples, I will show that light symbolizing the equivalent of truth or searching for truth yields problems. To support my claim, I will look at The Inferno by Dante and The Allegory of the Cave by Plato, whose interpretations of light appear to work well with one another. First, I will analyze the significance of in a non-religious context. Second, I will analyze the significance of in a religious context. Thirdly, I will show why this metaphor ofRead MorePlato And Aristotle s View On Knowledge Essay1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconflict emanating throughout all mankind questions the significance of knowledge to human nature, regarding knowledgeÃ¢â¬â¢s definition, acquisition, branches, and value. Major role models in the foundation of philosophy - specifically, in this essay, Plato and Aristotle - obsess over the significance of knowledge and its importance to and relationship with the development of human beings and their mindsets. Although PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s view on knowledge describes the internal predisposed essence of all Forms and