Thursday, June 13, 2019
The Different Facets of Mental Functioning Essay
The Different Facets of Mental Functioning - Essay ExampleCognitive psychology began to distinguish itself from an older branch of psychology, behaviorism, when researchers recognize that to study the sound judgment often meant studying wreakes that could not be directly observed, such as the stimulus-response experiments common to behaviorism. A central concern of linguists in the cognitive arena is the relationship between language and thought. The linguistic relativity theory, put forth by Benjamin L. Whorf in 1956 states that language either determines thought or influences it heavily. The famous Eskimos have 27 words for snow notion, under relativity, means they perceive snow diametricly from, say, a Florida resident, and therefore have a more than highly developed categorizing system for snow. However, the theory did not take into account that different environments, whether physical or created, may affect how much time and front people focus on various things, which i s then reflected by language. Later studies by Heider-Rosch (1972, 1973, in Eysenck, 1984) on color perception across languages with vastly different color naming systems seem to show that it is thought that determines language. However, there may be some cultural or culturally-based learning differences as evidenced by studies on bilingual individuals. The central focus, then, of cognitive psychologists is the structure and processes of the mind, which are generally equated with representation (the structures) and computation (the processes), as well as the inclusive dynamic systems process (Braisby & Gellaltly, 2005). Representation deals with what things are about, such as the subject matter of a book -- versus its physical qualities such as molecular structure, weight, and dimensions -- is what the book is about. Computation is how the mind processes information and it is in this area that the mind is most often linked to computers and how they learn. Two major systems of comp utation have been developed, and supporters argue for the relative importance of them or some interaction of both.